John William Coltrane (23 September 192617 Juli 1967) merupakan seorang komponis berkebangsaan Amerika Serikat. Dia memainkan alat musik saksofon. Dilahirkan di Hamlet, North Carolina. Dia berkarier di dunia musik sejak tahun 1946 hingga 1967.


  • Jazz Casual: John Coltrane (1963)
  • Coltrane and Cannonball (1998)
  • The World According to John Coltrane (2002)
  • John Coltrane: A True Innovator (2004)
  • Trane Tracks: The Legacy of John Coltrane (2005)
  • John Coltrane: Impressions of John Coltrane (2006)
  • Impressions of Coltrane (2007)
  • John William Coltrane was born on September 23, 1926 in Hamlet, North Carolina. At the age of three his family moved to High Point, NC, where young Coltrane spent his early years. His father, John Robert Coltrane, died in 1939, leaving twelve year-old John and his mother on their own. His mother, Alice Blair Coltrane, moved to New Jersey to work as a domestic while John completed high school. John played first the clarinet, then alto saxophone in his high school band. His first musical influence was the tenor saxophonist Lester Young of Count Basie’s band. In June of 1943, after graduation, Coltrane moved to Philadelphia to be closer to his mother.
  • After a yearlong stint in the Navy (1945-46), Coltrane began playing gigs in and around Philadelphia. During this time he became involved in drug and alcohol use, vices that would follow him throughout his career and ultimately lead to his death. In late 1949 Coltrane was invited to play alto sax with Dizzy Gillespie’s band; the first recording session was on November 21 of that year. When the big band broke up in May of 1950 Coltrane moved to the tenor saxophone and played with Gillespie’s small band until May of the next year. Coltrane played with Earl Bostic’s group in 1952, switching to the band of his early idol Johnny Hodges in 1953. Problems with drug and alcohol abuse, however, forced Coltrane out of the group in 1954.
  • Miles Davis called upon Coltrane in the summer of 1955 to join a group he was forming. The Miles Davis quintet’s first recording was made in October of 1955, the same month in which Coltrane was married to Naima Grubbs. The quintet was comprised of Davis on trumpet, Coltrane on tenor sax, Red Garland on piano, Paul Chambers on bass, and Philly Joe Jones on the drums. It was in his years with this quintet that Coltrane’s abilities were truly recognized and appreciated. In April 1957, though, Coltrane was again forced to take a break from playing to deal with his substance abuse problems; Davis replaced him with Sonny Rollins. He played briefly with Thelonious Monk in late 1957 before rejoining the Miles Davis quintet in January 1958. Coltrane played with this group until April 1960, when he set out to form his own group.
  • The John Coltrane quartet first formed in April of 1960 with Coltrane playing tenor saxophone, McCoy Tyler on piano, Elvin Jones on drums, and Jimmy Harrison on bass. It was during the first years of this group that Coltrane graduated from an above-average tenor saxophonist to an elite bandleader, composer, and improvisor. “My Favorite Things”, the epic album featuring “Every Time We Say Goodbye”, “Summertime”, “But Not For Me”, and the title track, was recorded in 1960. This was undoubtedly Coltrane’s most successful and popular album, and granted him the commercial success that had eluded him thus far in his career. Perhaps due to this success, Coltrane’s approach to his music began to shift during 1961-62, moving towards a more experimental, improvisational style. This “free-jazz” alienated many of the fans Coltrane had collected after “My Favorite Things”, but at the same time expanded the horizons and definition of jazz. Among the more popular recordings of the quartet in the following years were “Africa Brass” (1961), “Ballads” (1962), “A Love Supreme” (1964), and “Meditations” (1965), as well as concerts recorded at The Village Vanguard (NYC) in 1961 and at Birdland, also in New York, in 1963. Coltrane’s continuing desire to break new boundaries with his music, though, led to the end of the group in January 1966.

During the mid-1960’s the turmoil in Coltrane’s professional life was mirrored by disruptions in his personal life. In the summer of 1963 he moved out of the house he shared with his wife, Naima, and moved in with Alice McLeod. Coltrane had met Alice, a pianist, in 1960, and they had been friends since then. A son, John Coltrane Jr., was born to Coltrane and Alice on August 8, 1964; this was followed on August 6, 1965 by a second son, Ravi. A year later Coltrane divorced Naima and married Alice. A final son, Oran, was born to Coltrane and Alice on March 19, 1967. On July 17, 1967, John Coltrane died due to complications arising from his years of alcohol and drug abuse.

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Jason Mraz (IPA: /ˈdʒeɪsʌn mɜrˈæz/[1], lahir 23 Juni 1977; umur 33 tahun) adalah penyanyi dan penulis lagu Amerika Serikat yang dinominasikan untuk Grammy award. Ia lahir dan dibesarkan di Mechanicsville, Virginia. Ia telah bermain dengan banyak musisi, diantaranya Jack Johnson, Dave Matthews Band, James Blunt, Gavin DeGraw, Paula Cole, John Popper, Alanis Morissette, The Ohio Players, Rachael Yamagata, Tristan Prettyman, James Morrison, Lisa Hannigan, John Mayer, Jewel, Colbie Caillat[2], dan Ingrid Michaelson

Lagu yang terkenal

  • I Melt With You (2004)
  • Summer Breeze (2004)
  • Rainbow Connection, daripada album For The Kids Too! (2004)
  • Shy That Way, (2005)
  • Good Old Fashioned Loverboy, (2005)
  • Keep on Hoping, (2005)
  • I’m Yours
  • Make it Mine
  • Butterfly
  • Lucky
  • Sleep All Day
  • Try Try Try
  • Tonight,Not Again
  • Worldplay
  • If It Kills Me
  • Mike It Mine


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Norah Jones (lahir 30 Maret 1979 di New York City) adalah penyanyi penyanyi dan aktris berkebangsaan Amerika Serikat.

Danger Mouse’s Rome Project Featuring Jack White & Norah Jones
Norah contributes vocals to three songs on Rome, the latest project from super producer Danger Mouse and Italian composer Daniele Luppi paying homage to classic Italian film music.



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Harry Lillis “Bing” Crosby (lahir di Tacoma, Washington, Amerika Serikat, 2 Mei 1903 – meninggal 14 Oktober 1977 pada umur 74 tahun) merupakan seorang penyanyi dan aktor berkebangsaan Amerika Serikat yang memenangkan Academy Award. Dia berkarier di dunia film dan musik sejak tahun 1926 hingga akhir hayatnya pada tahun 1977.


TV Guide‘s first issue of the 21st century proclaimed that the entertainer of the century was Elvis Presley. They bestowed this honor on him because of his success in music and movies. While I sympathize with their need to select someone who would be recognizable to their current readership, I think their duty to accuracy should have made them select another, more worthy entertainer. The fact that the author of the article was a self-proclaimed Elvis fan and has written two books on Elvis’s greatness may have compromised his objectivity. I prefer to look at hard numbers and let them determine the most popular entertainer of the twentieth century.

Using TV Guides’ criteria that the most popular entertainer was the one who had the greatest success in music and movies, I completed the following analysis:

Because Billboard magazine lists how long a song is on the top 40 charts and how high it went on the charts, it is possible to use this information to draw a trapezoid that represents the song’s success. The base of the trapezoid is the total number of weeks the song stays on the chart. The height is the highest ranking the song achieves and the width of the top is the number of weeks it stays at that position. Calculating the area of this trapezoid gives a measure of the song’s total popularity. Adding up the areas for all the songs for a particular artist gives a numerical value for his or her overall success. Calculating this number for a number of popular artists and comparing them to Mr. Presley show that he really was “The King”… until you compare his numbers to the king of the first half of the century. Consider the following numbers which represent the sums of the popularity-areas for all the artist’s songs. In other words, the higher the number, the greater the performer’s popularity.

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Peggy Lee (26 Mei 192021 Januari 2002) merupakan seorang penyanyi jazz dan pencipta lagu berkebangsaan Amerika Serikat. Dia bergenre pop dan jazz. Dia dilahirkan di Jamestown, North Dakota. Dia berkarier di dunia musik sejak tahun 1941 hingga 1996.

Peggy Lee plays with the puppets from the first edition of the George Pal movie tom thumb, for which she composed various numbers. Another children’s film for which she famously wrote lyrics (and did the voices of 4 characters) was Walt Disney’s classic Lady And The Tramp. Lee also received an Oscar nomination, as well as awards from critics and movie audiences, for her dramatic role in Jack Webb’s prohibition-era film Pete Kelly’s Blues.

Peggy Lee poses next to a pressing of one of her many hits for Capitol Records. Under contract for 23 years, she ranks as the female artist who was signed to Capitol the longest. During six decades of professional singing, Lee recorded well over one thousand masters and performed frequently in concert, on radio and on television. She also wrote nearly 300 songs, of which dozens were recorded by other artists and a fair number became hits for her. Among her many other honors are 12 Grammy nominations (plus a Lifetime Achievement Award) and an induction in the Songwriters’ Hall of Fame.

Peggy Lee sculpts the hands and face of Nobel Peace Prize winner Albert Schweitzer, whom she counted among the men she most admired. (Others: Buddha, Jesus, Einstein … and Cary Grant.) Lee dabbled in various visual arts (most notably, oil painting), published poetry, and even wrote greeting cards. Her business ventures included a music publishing firm and a TV/film production unit.

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Eunice Kathleen Waymon atau lebih dikenal dengan nama Nina Simone (21 Februari 193321 April 2003) merupakan seorang penyanyi, pencipta lagu, dan pianis berkebangsaan Amerika Serikat yang memenangkan 15 nominasi Grammy Award. Dia dilahirkan di Carolina Utara. Berkarier di dunia musik dari tahun 1954 hingga 2003.


pianist, singer

Dates: February 21, 1933 (*) – April 21, 2003

Also known as: “Priestess of Soul”; birth name: Eunice Kathleen Waymon, Eunice Wayman

Known for:

  • Composed over 500 songs, recorded almost 60 albums
  • First woman to win the Jazz Cultural Award
  • “Woman of the Year” 1966, Jazz at Home Club
  • Female Jazz Singer of the Year, 1967, National Association of Television and Radio Announcers

In 1993, Don Shewey wrote of Nina Simone in the Village Voice, “She’s not a pop singer, she’s a diva, a hopeless eccentric … who has so thoroughly co-mingled her odd talent and brooding temperament that she has turned herself into a force of nature, an exotic creature spied so infrequently that every appearance is legendary.”

Nina Simone was born as Eunice Kathleen Waymon in 1933(*) in Tryon, North Carolina, daughter of John D. Waylon and Mary Kate Waymon, an ordained Methodist minister. The house was filled with music, Nina Simone later recalled, and she learned to play piano early. When her mother took a job as a maid for extra money, the family saw that young Eunice had special musical talent and sponsored classical piano lessons for her. She studied with a Mrs. Miller and then with Muriel Massinovitch.

For her last year of high school, Nina Simone attended Juilliard School of Music, as part of her plan to prepare to attend the Curtis Institute of Music. She took the entrance exam for the Curtis Institute’s classical piano program, but was not accepted. Nina Simone believed that she was good enough for the program, but that she was rejected because she was black.

Her family by that time had moved to Philadelphia, and she began to give piano lessons. When she discovered that one of her students was playing in a bar in Atlantic City — and being paid more than she was from her piano teaching — she decided to try this route herself. Armed with music from many genres — classical, jazz, popular — she began playing piano in 1954 at the Midtown Bar and Grill in Atlantic City. She adopted the name of Nina Simone to avoid her mother’s religious disapproval of playing in a bar. The bar owner demanded soon that she add vocals to her piano playing, and Nina Simone began to draw large audiences of younger people who were fascinated by her eclectic musical repertoire and style. Soon she was playing in better nightclubs, and moved into the Greenwich Village scene.

By 1957, Nina Simone had found an agent, and the next year issued her first album, “Little Girl Blue.” Her first single, “I Loves You Porgy,” was a George Gershwin song from Porgy and Bess that had been a popular number for Billie Holiday. It sold well, and her recording career was launched. Unfortunately, the contract she signed gave away her rights, a mistake she came to bitterly regret. For her next album she signed with Colpix and released “The Amazing Nina Simone.” With this album came more critical interest.

Nina Simone briefly married Don Ross in 1958, and divorced him the next year. She married Andy Stroud in 1960 — a former police detective who became her recording agent — and they had a daughter, Lisa Celeste, in 1961. This daughter, separated from her mother for long periods in her childhood, eventually launched her own career with the stage name of, simply, Simone. Nina Simone and Andy Stroud drifted apart with her career and political interests, and their marriage ended in divorce in 1970.

In the 1960s, Nina Simone was part of the civil rights movement and later the black power movement. Her songs are considered by some as anthems of those movements, and their evolution shows the growing hopelessness that American racial problems would be solved.

Nina Simone wrote “Mississippi Goddam” after the bombing of a Baptist church in Alabama killed four children and after Medgar Evers was assassinated in Mississipppi. This song, often sung in civil rights contexts, was not often played on radio. She introduced this song in performances as a show tune for a show that hadn’t yet been written.

Other Nina Simone songs adopted by the civil rights movement as anthems included “Backlash Blues,” “Old Jim Crow,” “Four Women” and “To Be Young, Gifted and Black.” The latter was composed in honor of her friend Lorraine Hansberry and became an anthem for the growing black power movement with its line, “Say it clear, say it loud, I am black and I am proud!”

With the growing women’s movement, “Four Women” and her cover of Sinatra’s “My Way” became feminist anthems as well.

But just a few years later, Nina Simone’s friends Lorraine Hansberry and Langston Hughes were dead. Black heroes Martin Luther King, jr., and Malcolm X, were assassinated. In the late 1970s, a dispute with the Internal Revenue Service found Nina Simone accused of tax evasion; she lost her home to the IRS.

Nina Simone’s growing bitterness over America’s racism, her disputes with the record companies she called “pirates,” her troubles with the IRS all led to her decision to leave the United States. She first moved to Barbados, and then, with the encouragement of Miriam Makeba and others, moved to Liberia.

A later move to Switzerland for the sake of her daughter’s education was followed by a comeback attempt in London which failed when she put her faith in a sponsor who turned out to be a con man who robbed and beat her and abandoned her. She tried to commit suicide, but when that failed, found her faith in the future renewed. She built her career slowly, moving to Paris in 1978, having small successes.

In 1985, Nina Simone returned to the United States to record and perform, choosing to pursue fame in her native land. She focused on what would be popular, de-emphasizing her political views, and won growing acclaim. Her career soared when a British commercial for Chanel used her 1958 recording of “My Baby Just Cares for Me,” which then became a hit in Europe.

Nina Simone moved back to Europe — first to the Netherlands then to the South of France in 1991. She published her biography, I Put a Spell on You, and continued to record and perform.

There were several run-ins with the law in the 90s in France, as Nina Simone shot a rifle at rowdy neighbors and left the scene of an accident in which two motorcyclists were injured. She paid fines and was put on probation, and was required to seek psychological counseling.

In 1995, she won ownership of 52 of her master recordings in a San Francisco court, and in 94-95 she had what she described as “a very intense love affair” — “it was like a volcano.” In her last years, Nina Simone was sometimes seen in a wheelchair between performances. She died April 21, 2003, in her adopted homeland, France.

In a 1969 interview with Phyl Garland, Nina Simone said:

There’s no other purpose, so far as I’m concerned, for us except to reflect the times, the situations around us and the things we’re able to say through our art, the things that millions of people can’t say. I think that’s the function of an artist and, of course, those of us who are lucky leave a legacy so that when we’re dead, we also live on. That’s people like Billie Holiday and I hope that I will be that lucky, but meanwhile, the function, so far as I’m concerned, is to reflect the times, whatever that might be.

Nina Simone is often classified as a jazz singer, but this is what she had to say in 1997 (in an interview with Brantley Bardin):

To most white people, jazz means black and jazz means dirt and that’s not what I play. I play black classical music. That’s why I don’t like the term “jazz,” and Duke Ellington didn’t like it either — it’s a term that’s simply used to identify black people.”

(*) Nina Simone’s birth year is given variously as 1933, 1935 and 1938. 1933 seems most credible, as she was a high school senior in 1950-51 when she attended Juilliard.

Nina Simone on this site

Nina Simone on the Net

  • Dr. Nina Simone – official website
  • L’hommage: Nina Simone – unofficial tribute site includes a biography and sponsored links, plus an email list. Warning: plays audio when you load pages.
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William “Count” Basie (lahir di (lahir di New Jersey, 21 Agustus 1904 – meninggal 26 April 1984 pada umur 79 tahun) adalah seorang pianis jazz, pencipta lagu, dan pemimpin grup musik Count Basie’s Big Band yang terdiri dari pemain-pemain musik jazz terkenal pada akhir tahun 1930 dan tahun 1940-an. Count Basie belajar musik dengan ibunya sejak usia dini. Count Basie juga mengambil dasar-dasar ragtime awal dari beberapa pianis Harlem dan belajar organ secara informal dengan Fats Waller.

Basie membuat debut profesional sebagai pengiring musik untuk penampilan vaudeville dan menggantikan Katie Crippen dalam penampilan tersebut. Count Basie juga bekerja dengan Juni Clark dan Sonny Greer yang kemudian menjadi drummer Duke Ellington’s. Dia menjadi anggota Page Blue Devils pada tahun 1928 sampai 1929. Termasuk dalam jajaran Blue Devils adalah Shouter blues yang kemudian memainkan peran penting sebagai vokalis pria awal dalam Count Basie’s Big Band.

Setelah Page Blue Devils bubar, Count Basie dan beberapa anggota band lainnya bergabung ke dalam band Moten Bennie. Dia tetap dengan Moten Bennie sampai kematian band tersebut pada tahun 1935. Setelah kematian band MOten Bennie, band tersebut diteruskan dibawah kepemimpinan sauadar laki-laki Buster Bennie. Basie memulai dengan grupnya sendiri dan segera tampil konsisten di Reno klub di Kansas, dan mempekerjakan beberapa personel terbaik dari band Moten yang terdahulu.

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